According to the recorded history, the data available on Sri Lankan kings and kingdoms dates back to 543 BC. King Vijaya who ruled the country for 38 years, was based in a city called 'Thammanna Nuwara'. But substantial remains of a civilization can only be witnessed from the era of Anuradhapura. In the early ages of the Sri Lankan civilization the economy was based on farming and they made their early settlements mainly near the rivers of the east, north central, and north east areas which had the water necessary for farming the whole year round. The king was the ruler of country and responsible for the law, the army, and being the protector of faith. Devanampiya Tissa (250-210 BC) was friends with the King of the Maurya clan in India. His links with Emperor Asoka led to the introduction of Buddhism by Mahinda (son of Asoka) around 247 BC. Sangamitta (sister of Mahinda) brought a Bodhi sapling via Jambukola (Sambiliturei). This king's reign was crucial to Theravada Buddhism and for Sri Lanka. After that the great era of architecture and agriculture begun.
For the next 2000 years the kings ruled Sri Lanka, until in 1815 Sri Lanka was colonized by the British. Kings changed thier ruling locations due to various reasons, and most of the creations that were done are amazing. King Vijayabahu I made Polonnaruwa, the kingdom for the first time. Then the capital kept on changing subsequently to Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa, Kurunegala, Gampola, Kotte, Seethawaka and Kandy.
Ancient Kingdoms of Sri Lanka
Sun, sea and surf are the essence of fun. Sri Lanka has various beaches on offer. There are long golden ones, there are dainty ones with soft white sand, there are wind and, wave battered ones and ones without a footstep for miles. Some have a slowly, slowly vibe and some have a lively party vibe, but whichever you choose, the beaches of Sri Lanka really are as gorgeous as you’ve heard. And one of the best things about Sri Lanka’s beaches is that no matter what time of year you go if it’s raining on one coast then chances are it’ll be sun hat and swimmers weather on the other.
Sri Lanka’s west coast shows the island at its most developed condition. A string of fine beaches, backed by hundreds of hotels and guesthouses of all sizes and standards, dot the coast from Negombo in the north to Hikkaduwa in the south. The large resort hotels of Negombo, Kalutara, Beruwala and Bentota continue to serve as the main beach destinations. The south coast offers gorgeous beaches, colonial townscapes, stilt fishermen, superb wildlife parks and Buddhist shrines and temples. The accommodation options vary from luxurious beach hotels to atmospheric colonial-era villas. Sri Lanka’s east coast is beautiful and have been developing as a tourist destination during the last couple of years. Having world class beaches such as Arugam Bay and Pasikuda, the east coast is ready to welcome you.
Sri Lanka is one of the best places in Asia for seeing wildlife. The heavy rainfall of south-western and north-eastern monsoons, and the country’s wide range of altitudes have given Sri Lanka a variation in climate and biodiversity normally found only across an entire continent. The animals to be seen in Sri Lanka's national parks include elephant, leopard, sloth bear, sambhur, deer and monkeys, wild buffalo, wild boar (pig), porcupine, ant-eater, civet cat, jackal, mongoose, loris (unique to sri Lanka) several varieties of lizards, squirrels, reptiles and amphibians. Each park however has its own specialities.
The designated national parks are spread around the country. Yala (Ruhuna) National Park is the most popular one amongst them. Sinharaja Rain Forest is the primier rain forest of the country. It is famous for bird watching and around six endemic birds may make up one flock, including species such as red-faced malkoha, green-billed coucal and Sri Lankan blue magpie. Towering up in the central highlands, Horton Plains National Park offers the cloud forests which are rich in endemic plants and animals that have adapted to the cooler climes (nighttime temperatures can fall below zero). So you'll find the whole range of forests and a variety of wildlife in Sri Lanka; and you can select which ones to visit or experience them all.